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The present participle and the gerund

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Le participe présentYou have used the participe passé (past participle) many times with the compound tenses. Another participle is the participe présent (present participle). It is formed by dropping the -ons ending from the present tense nous form and adding-ant.
chanter  - to singnous chantons  - we singchantant  - singingpartir -  to leavenous partons  - we leavepartant  - leavingchoisir  - to choosenous choisissons -  we choosechoisissant -  choosingboire  - to drink

The passé simple

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The passé simple (simple past, historical past) is a verb tense used mainly in written French, for literary and historical material. It may also be heard during a formal speech. It is the equivalent of the passé composé, used to recount a specific action in the past. When relating events, quality newspapers use the passé simple forrefinement. Scandal sheets will often use it to convey a sense of drama. When reading French literature of all periods, you will need to recognize the passé simple to get a full appreciation of the text.
Formation of the passé simpleThe passé simple of regular -er verbs is formed by adding the endings -ai, -as, -a, -âmes, -âtes, -èrent to the infinitive stem.répéter  - to repeatje répétai  - I repeatedtu repeats